Q. Can you tell us
more about job postings?
A.In Japan, company profiles, careers information, or details of employment conditions that are listed as employment information are known as kyujin-hyo, or job postings. You probably pay a lot of attention to job descriptions and application requirements. Deciphering these two things is important for establishing that the employee's skills and abilities are a good match for the skills and abilities required by the prospective employer.
- Type of employment
- In Japan, depending on the period of employment, jobs are considered as either indefinite employment (full company employees) or fixed-term employment (contract or temporary employees). Since contracts for fixed-term employment can be renewed either on a 3-month basis or a annual basis, it's worth checking the anticipated length of the contract period with the employer.
- This is the yearly (gross) amount of income. If you have applied for a position with a salary stated as a range (from XX yen to XX yen), the employer will determine the exact amount based on the employee's experience and skills. Please confirm this during the interview.
- Application requirements
- 【Mandatory requirements】
These skills and experience are absolutely required when applying for the position. If you don't satisfy these requirements, you'll often be disqualified at the document selection stage.
- 【Recommended requirements】
These skills and experience are desirable when applying for the position, and may lead to preferential treatment. Applicants satisfying these requirements will have an advantage at the document selection stage. Determining whether or not you fulfill these requirements can be a factor in your ability to pass the document selection stage.
What if you don't know whether a company is hiring non-Japanese employees?
In Japan, specifying a certain nationality for a position advertised in a job posting is not recognized by law. You should check the job description to see whether the job will be involved dealing with your home country or region, and also check the application requirements to see whether your native language or some other foreign language is required. Non-Japanese applicants may even have an advantage for some positions. Also, if the description states that "Japanese language skills are required," the position is probably aimed at non-Japanese applicants.
There are some companies in Tokyo that hire employees based not only on the skills and abilities we possess right now, but with confidence in our future potential and growth. In my case, my employer initially wanted to hire a Japanese employee with experience working at an overseas sales office, but after interviewing me (an Indonesian with no sales experience), they hired me based on expectations of my future potential. After joining the company, I believe it's important to develop your own ability to perform until those around you can place their trust in you.